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how to make cbd butter

What is CBD butter?

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Contents

  1. How to make your own CBD butter
  2. How do you use CBD butter?
  3. How much CBD is in CBD butter?
  4. What is the best butter for CBD butter?

CBD-infused butter is a classic beginner recipe that can be used in a variety of foods and recipes. It’s relatively simple to make, and having infused butter on hand is a great way to enjoy the benefits of CBD from the comfort of your kitchen. For those looking to incorporate CBD into their diet or daily regimen, making CBD butter from scratch is an excellent way to do it.

How to make your own CBD butter

The process of making CBD butter involves a few essential ingredients and tools:

  • Butter (coconut, olive oil, canola, or hemp oil can be substituted).
  • Dried hemp or high-CBD marijuana flowers.
  • Herb grinder.
  • Metal strainer.
  • Cheesecloth.
  • Funnel.
  • Slow cooker (or a medium-sized saucepan on low heat).
The process of making CBD butter involves a few essential ingredients and tools. Photo by: Gine Coleman/Weedmaps

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1. The first step in the process is to grind the hemp flower roughly with a hand grinder. It’s not necessary to use finely ground cannabis, but make sure it’s broken down from full flower buds.

2. Preheat your oven to approximately 220 degrees Fahrenheit for the decarboxylation process. Spread the ground flower on a baking sheet and bake at 220 degrees for 30 to 45 minutes. Decarbing is a necessary step to release the cannabinoids in the hemp flower.

Spread the ground flower on a baking sheet and bake at 220 degrees for 30 to 45 minutes. Photo by: Gine Coleman/Weedmaps

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3. Melt the butter slowly on low heat. Slow cookers are best, but a saucepan may also be used to simmer the butter and flower mixture on low heat for several hours.

4. Once the butter or oil is melted and heated, add the ground flower mixture to the pot and stir gently.

Once the butter or oil is melted and heated, add the ground flower mixture to the pot and stir gently. Photo by: Gine Coleman/Weedmaps

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5. Once the flower is completely submerged in the butter, cover the pot or slow cooker and let the mixture simmer on low for at least one hour, but as long as six to eight hours for maximum cannabinoid extraction.

6. Remove the butter mixture from the heat. While it is still warm and malleable, strain it through a metal strainer, then the cheesecloth and into a jar or other container. Gently squeeze the cheesecloth to press out as much of the oil or butter as possible.

7. Place the resulting butter into the refrigerator or freezer.

Your homemade CBD oil or butter will last up to two months in the fridge and as long as six months in the freezer.

How do you use CBD butter?

CBD butter can be used in a variety of ways to experience the potential therapeutic and health benefits of cannabidiol on your endocannabinoid system. Use CBD butter in place of butter or margarine and bake it into cookies, muffins, or pastries. Infused butter may be used as a substitute for butter in everyday cooking — to fry eggs in a pan or butter your toast.

You can use CBD butter in place of butter or margarine and bake it into cookies, muffins, or pastries. Photo by: Gine Coleman/Weedmaps

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If you choose to infuse oil instead of butter, you can use it as a tincture, dosing with a teaspoon at a time. As with anything infused, start low and go slow for best results. Start with a teaspoon or less and gradually increase the amount you consume until you find the right dose for you.

If you choose to infuse coconut oil, you can make topicals, such as a lip balm or salve. Add a few drops of essential oils for fragrance and you’ve created your own personal CBD-infused topical.

How much CBD is in CBD butter?

Determining how much CBD is in your infusion can be tricky. It is entirely dependent on how much plant material you use, the potency of the marijuana or hemp, how much butter you use, and how long you let the mixture infuse. Generally, a good ratio is 1 cup of butter (2 sticks) to 1 cup of plant material. The longer you allow the mixture to infuse, the more potent the results will be — until you reach maximum potency. Jeff the 420 Chef has a convenient calculator for determining potency.

What is the best butter for CBD butter?

For the purists, full fat, unsalted sticks of butter are the number one choice for CBD-infused butter. However, for vegans or those who are more health-conscious, coconut oil is a perfectly acceptable alternative. As mentioned earlier, you may substitute various types of oils for a more viscous final product better suited to your health or cooking needs.

Keep in mind that cannabinoids are fat-soluble, meaning they bind to fats. Those fats carry the cannabinoids into future recipes where you substitute CBD oil or cannabutter for standard oil or butter.

With CBD’s popularity soaring, making your own CBD-infused butter is a great way to experiment with the cannabinoid from the comfort of your home. You can try out new recipes or experiment with topicals now that the power to make CBD butter is in your hands.

What is CBD butter? Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents How to make your own CBD butter How do you use CBD butter? How much CBD is in CBD

Recipe: How to make basic cannabis-infused butter

Bailey Rahn and Anna Wilcox contributed to this article.

C annabis-infused butter (cannabutter) is one of the simplest and most common ways to make infused cannabis edibles. However, making infused butter can be a little bit tricky. In order to activate its psychoactive potential, the flower must be heated slowly at a low temperature. This recipe will first guide you through this process–called decarboxylation–before walking you through a step-by-step guide to infusing butter.

Note : Homemade edibles are very difficult to accurately dose. This guide will give you some tips for more precise dosing, but all DIY cannabis cooks should be aware that there’s no way to guarantee the potency or homogeneity of their batch.

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How to make cannabis-infused butter (or ‘cannabutter’)

Butter is a delicious and versatile carrier for THC and other cannabinoids, although it isn’t the only one. You can also use coconut oil, olive oil, or any other fatty oil for your infusions. Just keep in mind, butter burns easily, so keep a close eye on your cannabutter as it cooks.

Ingredients

  • 1 cup of butter
  • 1 cup (7-10 grams) of ground cannabis, decarboxylated

The essential (and often missed) first step: Decarboxylating the cannabis

Before making your cannabutter, you’ll need to decarboxylate, or “decarb”, the cannabis flower you’re working with. Skipping this step will result in a weak or inactive finished product. Here’s why: Cannabis buds produce a non-intoxicating acidic cannabinoid called THCA. When we smoke or vaporize cannabis, the heat converts THCA into THC, the molecule that delivers euphoric effects. If preparing CBD edibles, this same process should be applied.

Some recipes may instruct you to decarb cannabis in the hot butter directly, but the less time you spend soaking the buds, the better your infused butter is going to taste. For this reason, we recommend decarbing in the oven first.

Basic cannabutter recipe

  1. Decarb the cannabis. Preheat your oven to 245ºF. Place cannabis buds on a non-stick, oven-safe tray. Cover the tray with parchment paper to prevent sticking. Insert the tray into the oven and set a timer for 30-40 minutes. Older, drier cannabis may require less time. (Tip: you can also set your oven to 300ºF and heat for 10 to 18 minutes, although low-and-slow is the recommended approach when decarbing to better preserve the cannabinoids.) Every 10 minutes, gently mix the buds with a light shake of the tray to expose the surface area of the buds equally.
  2. Grind. Grind the decarboxylated cannabis coarsely with a hand grinder.
  3. Melt the butter. Add 1 cup of water and 1 cup of butter into a stock pot or saucepan. Simmer on low and let the butter melt. Adding water helps to regulate the temperature and prevents the butter from scorching.
  4. Add the cannabis. As the butter begins to melt, add in your coarsely ground cannabis product.
  5. Simmer. Maintain low heat (ideally above 160ºF but never exceeding 200ºF) and let the mixture simmer for 2 to 3 hours, stirring occasionally. The mixture should never come to a full boil.
  6. Strain the cannabutter. Set a funnel on top of a jar and line it with cheesecloth. Once the butter has cooled off, pour it over the cheesecloth funnel and allow it to strain freely. (Tip: Squeezing the cheesecloth may push more bad-tasting plant material through).
  7. Refrigerate the jar of butter. If excess water forms at the bottom of the jar, you can remove the solid butter with a knife and drain the water out. (The butter will need to refrigerate for about an hour before removing the water.)
  8. Dose carefully. Refer to dosing information below before adding your butter to any snacks, dishes, or desserts.

Directions for slow cooker

  1. Grind your cannabis coarsely with a hand grinder. (Tip: A coffee grinder will finely pulverize the flower and prevent effective straining of bad-tasting plant material.)
  2. Set your slow cooker to low, or somewhere around 160ºF. (Tip: Avoid exceeding 200ºF to prevent burning or wasting cannabinoids. You can also add a little water to help prevent scorching.)
  3. Add the butter and ground cannabis. Stir occasionally.
  4. After about 3 hours, turn off the crockpot and wait for the butter to cool.
  5. Strain as above.

Tips for dosing cannabutter

Your butter’s potency depends on many factors, from how long and hot it was cooked to the potency of your starting material. Even the type of cannabis used (indica vs. sativa strains) can be a factor. To test the potency of your finished product, try spreading ¼ or ½ teaspoon on a snack and see how that dose affects you after an hour. Decrease or increase dose as desired. You can then use this personalized “standard” dose as a baseline for your recipes. For more information on why potency is so difficult to measure in homemade cannabis edibles, check out part four of this series.

Get started at a cannabis shop nearby

Hat-tip to Chef Torrin (aka The Dank Chef) for contributing tips, measurements, and expertise to this recipe.

Cannabis-infused butter (or "cannabutter") is one of the most common ways to make edibles. Use our simple and effective recipe to help you make your own. ]]>