The hot topic in pet-owning circles these days is the efficacy of CBD in treating dogs with chronic pain, neurologic symptoms or anxiety. It should be noted that we are here to dispense information only gathered from research only, not patient specific CBD recommendations or dosing suggestions. With that said, here is the science and some legalities behind this burning issue.
Why can’t my Veterinarian dispense, prescribe or recommend dosing for my pet?
Your Veterinarian holds a license that is highly regulated from an organization called the Drug Enforcement Agency. The DEA still views cannabis as an illegal substance on the Federal level. Your Veterinarian may hold opinions and views about the science behind the use of cannabis in veterinary medicine; but is not legally allowed to dispense the substance.
Changes to the Law in Ohio:
In July of 2019, the following update was provided by the Ohio Board of Pharmacy“Recent changes to Ohio law (SB 57) removed hemp and hemp products containing no more than three-tenths of a percent THC from the state’s definition of marijuana. Hemp products, including hemp derived CBD (cannabidiol), can now be sold outside of a licensed medical marijuana dispensary.
SB 57 also established a Hemp Cultivation and Processing Program. The Ohio Department of Agriculture is charged with the licensure of hemp cultivators and processors.“
Why would I want to get my dog high?
First of all, your dog should not be getting high from CBD. The chemical THC is responsible for that “high” feeling. Marijuana with high levels of THC can be highly toxic to pets, you should never, ever allow your pets to access any type of marijuana.
Here is a simple breakdown of the science behind CBD (or cannabinoids) and why they may work to alleviate symptoms in our dogs.
Our dogs have receptors in their bodies that receive molecules and react in certain ways. These receptors (the CB1 and CB2 receptors) identify and accept certain chemicals which then help their cells to respond in certain ways… such as relaxing muscles, or deactivating nerves. Dogs have prexisiting endocannabinoids (naturally occurring) within their bodies that may have been “turned off” for some reason (age, trauma, illness). By introducing cannabinoids to our pet’s system in the right way, it is hypothesized that we can help our pet’s bodies switch those endocannabinoids back on. (Reference: vetgirlontherun.com)
The Marijuana or Cannabis Sativa plant contains hundreds of chemicals, including 109 chemicals that fit into the cannabinoid category. The combination and concentration of chemicals will react within the canine body in different ways. The chemical content of any crop can be influenced by several factors; including, species of plant, soil, growing conditions, drought, etc.
These are the chemicals, when used in the correct combination that may provide symptom relief in some pets. (reference: vetgirlontherun.com)
The FDA is primarily concerned with products that use isolated cannabinoids vs. full-spectrum (when you remove one chemical from the group and introduce it into the body it may not respond the same as it would if it arrived with its cohorts). Products with high levels of isolated THC, for instance, can be highly toxic to pets, and can actually turn off the endocannabinoids. For this reason, we encourage you to check FDA’s website to make sure the product you are buying is not on their “hot list”. https://www.fda.gov/inspections-compliance-enforcement-and-criminal-investigations/compliance-actions-and-activities/warning-letters
Everybody’s doing it…
You may have heard from a friend, or read a blog, or seen an Amazon ad pop up on your phone about how your dog can benefit from CBD oil or Hemp chews. Studies are being conducted as you read this to provide more insight into these theories. However; we encourage you to approach this issue with caution. Due to high demand in the cannabis industry, quality control can be lacking. We encourage you to request that certificate of analysis for not only dosing information, but also because it will provide information on the presence of fungicides and pesticides.
Because the active, beneficial chemicals reside on the outside of the plant it is impossible to wash the produce in order to remove any added chemicals. There are growers that rush their production by manipulating the growth cycle with these toxic chemicals in order to meet the growing demand will end up harming their customers instead of helping through the introduction of known carcinogens.
How can a (full-spectrum, organic and FDA approved) CBD product help your pet?
Many pet owners wish to use CBD oil as a replacement for other pain killers because of a perceived decrease in side effects of CBD over NSAID type pain relievers. In human studies, CBD has been shown to reduce arthritis pain, as well treat neurologic symptoms. By extrapolation, dogs may benefit because dogs have CB1 and CB2 receptors throughout their Central Nervous System. CBD could also be very effective for acute pain, easing post-operative pain which contributes to healing.
Studies have shown that canine endocannabinoids trigger relaxation responses during times of stress. Sometimes the stress is greater than their endocannabinoids can handle and we lose a screen door during fireworks, or have an extra (trembling) body under the covers during a thunderstorm. Anecdotal evidence has shown that some dog parents have been able to reduce these symptoms with Hemp Chews or CBD oils.
There is also some anecdotal evidence about the efficacy of CBD oil in the treatment of seizures and epilepsy disorders. Again, as the demand grows, so will the empirical evidence. Please check back with us for more information on this hot new area of research as more studies are published and the knowledge base on CBD products grows!
The hot topic in pet-owning circles these days is the efficacy of CBD in treating dogs with chronic pain, neurologic symptoms or anxiety. It sho…
CBD HEMP OIL. What’s the Buzz?
CBD Hemp Oil. What’s the Buzz?
Dr. Gabrielle Francis
CBD is the newest player to take center stage on the Health and Wellbeing circuit. CBD, stands for Cannabidiol, which is one of many phytonutrients in the Cannabis sativa plant.
CBD is a phytocannaboid derived from both the versions of Cannabis sativa, Hemp and Marijuana. CBD is a non-psychoactive component and does not make you high! So why the buzz? There are numerous studies emerging on the health and wellness effects of CBD hemp oil supplements. This newsletter will help to demystify CBD and inform you about the benefits of this extract when it is derived from Organic Hemp as a full spectrum supplement.
I have decided to use a question and answer format to help you understand it in smaller soundbites…
What is CBD and CBD oil?
Cannabidiol is a phytocannaboid, a phytochemical that is found in the Cannabis sativa plant. There are many plants and naturally occurring substances that produce CBD. The human body produces CBD as well. CBD supplements are derived from the Hemp plant and may come in the form of isolated CBD or CBD Hemp full spectrum plant oils.
What is the difference between Hemp and Marijuana?
Hemp and Marijuana are both cultivated from the Cannabis sativa plant. Industrial Hemp is cultivated from Cannabis sativa. Hemp is bred to be taller and has fibrous stalks. It has minute traces of THC and is high in CBD oils and other phytochemicals. According to the US laws, Hemp must contain less than .3% THC. Hemp is cultivated for its diverse use as a paper, rope, fiber, superfood supplements, seeds for food supplement oils, and CBD supplements and beauty products.
Marijuana may be from either Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica. It is cultivated for its flowering buds and is a smaller plant. It is high in THC, which is the psychoactive cannabinoid that makes you feel “high”. Marijuana is used for recreational and medical purposes to induce a state of Euphoria and help with pain. Most of these affects are due to the high THC content.
CBD is in both Marijuana and Hemp. However, the CBD is much higher in Hemp. Plus, Hemp has more phytonutrients and phytochemicals that promote health and well-being.
Cannabinoids and the EndoCannaboid system
Cannabidiol, CBD, is one of at least 113 active cannabinoids identified in Cannabis. It is one of the major phytocannabinoids, accounting for up to 40% of the plant’s extract. CBD and the other Cannabinoids interact with a system known as the Endocannboid system.
The Endocannaboid system is a biological system found in the nervous systems of all mammals. It is made up of endocannabinoids, which are fat based neurotransmitters, cannabinoid receptors, and receptor proteins. The ECS helps to regulate many functions in the human body including:
- Motor function
- Mood and Wellbeing
- Immune function
- Memory and Cognition
- Pain sensation
The Human body produces cannabinoids and has receptors for them throughout the whole body. There are 2 main types of Cannabinoid receptors in the Nervous system. The CBD1 receptors are in the central nervous system composed of the brain and spinal cord. The CB2 receptors are in the peripheral nervous system and organs.
THC reacts with the CB1 receptors and that is what gives Marijuana is psychoactive affects. Hemp, which has predominantly non-THC cannabinoids such as CBD, CBN and other phytochemicals has a nutritive effect on the ECS and helps to regulate function of mood, inflammation, immunity, sleep, hormones, metabolism, nervous system and appetite.
What is the Entourage Effect? Do I want that?
The use of full spectrum Hemp oil supplements as the source of CBD is ideal as it promotes what is known as the Entourage Effect.
These full spectrum oils have a variety of nutrients and phytochemicals which work synergistically to enhance the benefits of each other. Some of the nutritional components in Hemp supplements include:
- Essential fatty acids
- Vitamins such as A, C, B-1, B-2, B-6, D
- Minerals such as zinc, magnesium, Iron and calcium
- Proteins and amino acids
- Flavonoids and other Anti-oxidants
The Entourage effect means that the whole plant use allows the compounds in the plant to work synergistically with each other and magnify the therapeutic benefits of the individual compounds. This is a concept common in many herbal traditions and is believed to be why plants have less negative side effects when used in whole form than as isolated compounds.
When the CBD Hemp oil supplements are unadulterated, organic and NON-GMO, they provide a wonderful full spectrum food supplement that nourishes the ECS of the body.
Are CBD and Hemp Oil Supplements Legal?
CBD Oil Supplements derived from Industrial Hemp are legal as long as they contain no THC or less than .3% THC. CBD oils from Marijuana are a regulated substance and are only legal in states that allow medical marijuana with a prescription or have legalized recreational use.
Where is Hemp grown and cultivated?
Most industrial Hemp is cultivated in Northern Europe and Spain. In recent years, there has been a boom in Hemp cultivation in the United States. Good quality hemp may come from Kentucky, Oregon, Colorado, and California. New York state has started a research initiative on Industrial Hemp.
What is the difference between CBD Hemp oil and Hemp Seed Oil?
Hemp seed oils come from cold pressed hemp seeds. They do not have CBD in them. However, they are rich in essential fatty acids and other nutrients. CBD Hemp oil extracts come from Supercritical CO2 extraction of the Hemp Stalks. The CBD Hemp oils are rich in CBD and other phytonutrients.
What is the extraction method of CBD Hemp Oil supplements?
Hemp Oil CBD Supplements are derived from CO2 extraction methods.
CO2 extraction is the process where pressurized Carbon dioxide is used to extract phyto-chemicals from plants. The subcritical CO2 extraction is low temperature and low pressure. It allows the retention of the most terpenes, essential oils and other nutrients. Thesupercritical CO2 extraction is high temperature and high pressure and damages some of the smaller nutrients but allows extraction of chlorophyll and omega fats. The best CBD Hemp supplements use a combination of both extraction methods to yield the greatest amount of high density nutrient products.
Is it important to use CBD from organic Hemp?
YES. It is essential to use only CBD Hemp supplements derived from Organic Non-GMO Hemp. The CBD is an oil and the oils of plants are storage centers for toxins and chemicals. Whenever supplementing with any oils, it is essential to only use products from plants grown with organic and Non- GMO methods.
Is CBD Legal?
CBD Hemp oil supplements coming from Industrial Hemp are legal to use and buy in all 50 states. CBD from Marijuana is subject to state laws relating to medical and recreational Marijuana use. It is best to use CBD Hemp oil supplements from Hemp as a food supplement. It will not make you high!
What are the ways to take CBD Hemp Oil supplements?
There are variety of ways to get CBD Hemp Oil into your health and well-being regime:
- Pills and Capsules
- Tinctures and Oil droppers
- Liquids for food and smoothies
- Beauty Products
- Topical creams
- Vaporizers (not recommended)
- Chewable snacks
What dosage of CBD should I take?
It is best to start with lower doses and work your way up. There are various options for different concentrations of CBD. There have not been adverse reactions reported with CBD supplements. Remember, CBD is naturally occurring in the human body. It is always best to use full spectrum Hemp extracts as a food supplement.
What is CBD good for treating? What conditions should I use it for?
Decades of research indicate that cannabinoids like CBD interact with the body’s Endocannabinoid System, a complex system that contributes to a variety of biological processes like inflammation responses, relaxation, sleeping, and appetite. By linking with the two main types of cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2, which are found on cells throughout the body, CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system, helping it in the regulation of homeostasis — the body’s natural state of balance.
The FDA does not allow the suggestion of CBD oils as a treatment for any diseases. I encourage you to do your own research on CBD for conditions that you are interested in. However, I feel that CBD Hemp supplementation should be looked as a food supplement that supports our ECS and promotes well-being and balance.
The exciting research on CBD has opened up a new window into the ECS and its interaction with our Immune systems, nervous systems, and endocrine systems. This is only the beginning of a new field of research and discovery on healing.
Is CBD Hemp oil safe to use in Children?
CBD Hemp oil supplements are safe to use in all age groups and demographics. It is a food supplement.
Is CBD Hemp oil good for Pets?
There is extensive use of CBD Hemp oils for the wellbeing of Cats, Dogs, Horses and other pets. The Endocannaboid system is found in the nervous system of all mammals.
CBD Hemp Oil…What’s the Buzz? By Dr. Gabrielle Francis CBD is the newest player to take center stage on the Health and Wellbeing circuit. CBD, stands for Cannabidiol, which is one of many phytonutrients in the Cannabis sativa plant. CBD is a phytocannaboid derived from both the versions of Cannabis sativa, Hem